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Belowground food webs in a changing climate

Belowground food webs in a changing climate

Amidst a network of tunnels and pores, soil organisms recycle carbon and nutrients. They mix plant litter and detritus, causing changes in soil structure that can ultimately influence the amount of water and oxygen available for plant roots. They are also eaten by aboveground predators, providing direct connections between below-and aboveground food webs. Root herbivory is very difficult to quantify, but likely just as important as leaf herbivory.

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